ABSTRACT As an overview to the substantive papers in this volume, this essay reviews data concerning the rate of offending and the rate of victimization among children and adolescents, along the way deploring the lack of comprehensive national data on victimization. It is seen that children and adolescents are at substantially greater "risk," on the basis of statistical incidence, for the commission of "nuisance" offenses than for "serious" offenses. Implications for correctional rehabilitation are suggested.