In 1989, the Carnegie Corporation Task Force on Education of Young Adolescents addressed the question, “What do we want every young adolescent to know, to feel, to be able to do upon emerging from that educational and school-related experience?” (p. 15). They answered the question with five basic goals that reflected a broad and encompassing view of the role of our educational institutions. These goals require a new conceptualization of the role of education in development even while they reflect our society’s growing recognition that schooling may be the most important societal force in shaping future citizens.