This chapter examines work in corrections service environments; challenges and risks faced by staff in offender rehabilitation roles; factors associated with staff vulnerability; and the extent to which both offenders and staff are vulnerable and at risk within corrective service environments. Staff face occupational challenges as a result of working with victims, offenders and their families; managing people’s responses to the aftermath of crimes; and the continuing risk of harm that some offenders pose to the community. Recommendations for support of staff are outlined, and can be applied across the corrections environment.