The International Association for Relational Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy (IARPP) is explicitly an association for relational psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. The relational psychotherapy was being used explicitly and purposefully as a banner for a new school of psychoanalysis, a new movement that was being contrasted with classical theory and practice. The relational analysts writing in the USA were writing for a psychoanalytic audience rather than an audience of psychotherapists. Many of the training programs in the UK that go under the name psychotherapy would in the USA be calling themselves training programs in psychoanalysis. Relational psychoanalysis emerged and developed outside the national and internationally established psychoanalytic associations. It found a strong presence within the Division of Psychoanalysis of the American Psychological Association (APA), but it must be remembered that this is not an organization of psychoanalysts and it has no authority to determine who is, or is not, an analyst.