Resozialisierung', best translated into English as 'social reintegration', as the most important aim of punishment has not really been contested in Germany This chapter explores the development and existing contours of social reintegration as a penal strategy with regard to community punishment and considers where the conceptualization has been weak and vulnerable to other influences and penal adaptations. Interpretations differ not only between the disciplines and professional groups involved but also within these groups. The penal sanction is limited by the principle of culpability again rooted in the constitutional guarantee to protect human dignity. Community also conveys the notion of the offender remaining part of a community and the community being in one way or another involved in the implementation to assist offenders to develop meaningful ties in the community, to become aware of the community's interest in them and to broaden their possibilities for contact and support, as the European Rules for Community Sanctions and Measures.