Scotland has a relatively long history of provision of prisoner aftercare and of probation services dating back to the nineteenth century. At the same time as developing their response to Scotland's Choice, the Scottish Government was involved in a parallel consultation about the development of new national outcomes and standards for criminal justice social work services. The new national outcomes and standards articulated a practice model based on four 'R's such as reparation, rehabilitation, restriction and reintegration. The primary task for criminal justice social work has become reparation, since the offender making reparation is seen as a pre-requisite of reintegration as a citizen and a member of the community. Scottish social work practitioners are ready to own reparation rather than rehabilitation as their primary objective. Neither rehabilitation nor restriction will be required here the reparation might be through apology through financial compensation or through unpaid work.