This chapter aims to review the policy and practice of early literacy education in Poland for native Polish-speaking children. It opens with a brief overview of the Polish language and Polish educational system, followed by a discussion of the structure of the Polish phonology and orthography and its impact on early literacy development. The focus is then shifted to the early Polish literacy policy and its implementation. The provision for children with special educational needs as well as variety of literacy materials are also reviewed. The chapter closes with a discussion of major challenges for the current and future early literacy provision.