This book aims to provide a comprehensive overview of current understandings of the factors and processes which infl uence the political and civic engagement of citizens. The book draws on theoretical insights provided by a range of disciplines including Politics, Sociology, Social Policy, Psychology and Education, presents a wealth of new evidence on political and civic engagement that has recently been gathered from across Europe, and reports on the policy discourses which frame debates about citizen participation in Europe. It also offers a series of wide-ranging refl ections on the nature of political and civic engagement and disengagement, and presents a set of evidence-based recommendations for policy, practice and intervention that can be used by political and civil society actors to enhance levels of political and civic engagement and participation, particularly among youth, women, ethnic minorities and migrants.