ABSTRACT

Sociometric techniques include a variety of procedures used within social groups to measure such related constructs as social status, popularity, peer acceptance or rejection, and reputation. Sociometric techniques are not new; in fact, they have been used in educational–clinical practice and research since the 1930s. Several important research efforts in this area occurred between the 1960s and 1980s. These landmark studies (e.g., Cowen, Pederson, Babigan, Izzo, & Trost, 1973; Dodge, Coie, & Brakke, 1982; Roff, 1961) emphasized the importance of social functioning in childhood and underscored the importance of clinicians who work with children having a basic knowledge of sociometric assessment methods, regardless of whether they use these techniques on a regular basis.