Criminology is the discipline that served colonialism more directly than most, having been deliberately designed as a technology for the control of others. Partly as a result of this historical collusion, the discipline continues to blossom in former centres of imperialism and in places of settler colonialism, while the former colonized locations have almost unanimously refused to develop the disciplinary criminological fetishes of Western modernity. Accordingly, the history of Western criminology follows the example of Foucault by locating the emergence of the discipline at the height of Western slavery and colonialism or at the birth of sadism as a libertine tradition in Europe, but with hardly any mention of the historically specific concrete conditions that shaped the discipline into a fetish of the control-freak state – slavery, colonialism and anti-colonial struggles.