Taking up Latour’s (2005) notion of “issues that matter” within research we share how the processes of researching multilingual communities emerges from competing ideologies. By making visible several ideological dimensions of research, we critically refl ect on how knowledge creation is fraught with contingent decision-making that matters. This chapter presents a critical refl ection on how knowledge creation developed in four contexts: literature reviews, indigenous communities in Canada, war-torn Palestine, and working with refugee populations. Given that all knowledge is constructed, distributed, mediated, and situated, transparency about the construction process and ethical struggles becomes part of the researcher’s obligation to navigate. The researcher’s sense-making that shapes the data needs to be made visible. These are ideological spaces: from the process of selective review of data, to responding to emergent methodological confl icts, and to ethically negotiating with participants over collection, interpretation, and representation of data.