The leading international climate research institution, the Intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC), has demonstrated that climate change will have devastating impacts on communities the world over if there is no substantive policy intervention. While the issue of climate change has drawn immense attention from policy-makers the world over, the USA, one of the greatest national consumers of natural resources and carbon emitters, has refused to advance meaningful climate legislation. A climate action plan (CAP) lays out a program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through programs to generate renewable energy, reduce buildings' energy use, cut transportation and land use-related emissions, and reduce emissions from waste management. Beginning in the industrial age, the burning of fossil fuels from coal and natural gas plants as well as tailpipe emissions has released enough greenhouse gas into the Earth's atmosphere to impact a change in the planet's climate.