Economic history as an academic discipline started in Russia at the end of the nineteenth century when Prof. M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky (1865–1919) published his fundamental works on business cycles in the economic development of England and other Western countries and on the evolution of Russian manufactures at the early stage of industrialization (Tugan-Baranovsky 1894, 1898, 1912). Being a prominent economist he belonged to the Legal Marxism school (and was criticized by V. Lenin for his views). 1 A further mark of the emergence of the field was the first course in Russia on the history of the economy. This was taught in 1885 by V.F. Levitsky (1854–1939) at the Demidov Law Lyceum in Yaroslavl city (Levitskij 1890; Majdachevskij 2011).