Water governance in South Asia is witnessing profound changes and this volume explores the related paradigm shifts during the last three decades. The focus is on social equity and democratic participation, two stated aims of water sector governance reforms and the accomplishments along these lines. The contributors are researchers and activist scholars working in water sector development in the region and a core issue is the role of the civil society organizations (CSOs) in the shifts in water governance. The volume illustrates many interesting developments in policy formulation, 1 donor-State nexus, CSO/non-governmental organization (NGO) interventions and civil society thrust on safeguarding fundamental rights to water. The major thrust and the common thread throughout this volume reflects the implications of the paradigm shift in policy and governance in water resources management and its responses in contemporary South Asia.