This chapter describes institutional and policy change over a relatively recent history before going on to discuss change to academic practice and approaches to learning and teaching at both subject and institutional level, particularly in relation to maximizing student attainment. It discusses on teaching, learning practices and the experiences and outcomes for non-traditional students, established in research evidence, and to act on the findings. The chapter focuses on the arenas of teaching and learning, the student experience, and outcomes for students in and after graduating. There are many debates within higher education about curriculum change and it is always really difficult to achieve consensus on what the issues are and how they need to be addressed. The issues should be addressed and real institutional engagement needs a key focus on academic practice and staff enabled to address pedagogical review. Governments invest in higher education to ensure an effective higher education system that contributes to economic growth and the public good.