Adam Smith (1723-1790) was born in Scotland, where he lived most of his life. He attended Glasgow and Oxford Universities (1737-1746) and was a professor at Glasgow from 1751 to 1764. In 1759 he published one of his two major works, The Theory of the Moral Sentiments, a treatise on social and moral philosophy. He spent two years in France, from 1764 to 1766, where he interacted with many of the leading French intellectuals, including the Physiocrats Quesnay and Turgot. In 1776 he published his most important work, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (generally referred to as The Wealth of Nations).