On-and off-site environmental archives relating to archaeological sites in the Azraq Basin, Jordan, are used to relate Epipalaeolithic human behavior to local, and then regional, records of palaeoenvironmental change. We review recent work from three sites: Ayn Qasiyya, Kharaneh IV, and Shubayqa. Human occupation of the basin was more or less continuous throughout the Epipalaeolithic but shifted from locality to locality, varying in density and type. The environmental data suggest that this was, at least in part, due to a complex landscape of changing local environments. We use this example to discuss issues of scale in developing an understanding of human-climate-environment relationships.