Minority females’ participation in China’s state schooling has experienced rapid growth since 1949. The female illiteracy rate for all minority groups has dropped significantly over the years, and the number of female students in all levels of education has increased exponentially since the 1950s. However, the gender gap in minority education is still obvious. The underdevelopment of minority regions, geographic remoteness, gender ideologies (such as the preference for sons) and school-related factors have contributed to the gender disparity in minority education. In order to achieve gender equality, the state should increase educational funding, promote the value of gender equality, embrace cultural and religious diversity in school curriculum and encourage diversity and flexibility when educating minority girls in their home regions.