In Japan, the impact of a declining birthrate and an aging population is steadily increasing in magnitude and spreading. The total population of Japan in 2010 was 128.06 million people, and according to the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, 1 henceforth, the total population will be in a long-term decline, based on the results of moderate-range estimates on the number of births. These estimates project that the population will decline to 116.62 million in 2030, further decline to 99.13 million in 2048, and reach 86.74 million people by 2060.