This chapter focuses on selection for blue-collar jobs. There are several aspects of blue-collar jobs and blue-collar work environments that make selection efforts different from those for white-collar or other types of jobs. Without a clear understanding of these contextual considerations, the selection practitioner’s efforts at developing selection systems for blue-collar jobs can be undermined. Our goals in this chapter are to highlight the issues that make blue-collar selection unique and provide guidance to selection practitioners who deal with blue-collar selection, as well as suggest possible areas for future research that would help inform blue-collar selection efforts.