Counterproductive work behavior (CWB) subsumes a broad range of behaviors by employees that harm organizations and/or people in organizations. For this edition of the Handbook, we take a comprehensive look at the literature on CWB since 2007 when we completed the literature review for the chapter for the first edition. There has been an explosion of interest in the topic and a maturing of a previously disjointed field that has coalesced. In reviewing the literature on CWB and related topics, we began with a PsycInfo search for the term “counterproductive work behavior” and related terms including “workplace deviance” and “workplace aggression.” We found that more than two-thirds of the sources have been published since 2007, showing an accelerating interest in the topic. Clearly, CWB has become one of the most popular topics among organizational researchers.