The Bureau of Labor Statistics (2011) reported that 28% of the workforce in the United States performs physically demanding jobs that involve construction, machinery installation and repair, public safety, and other professions. In many instances, physically demanding jobs are the highest paying jobs in a geographic location. The importance of ensuring access to these jobs for all applicants was underscored in the Department of Defense (DoD) decision in 2015 to open all military occupational specialties (MOS) to men and women (Carter, 2015).