DIY or Do It Yourself is a key practice that involves doing things ourselves rather than expecting the state or corporations to serve us. It is an anarchist ethos or set of principles for translating the anarchist concepts discussed in this book into practice. Moreover, it is arguably the quintessential practice of anarchist politics, bringing together other anarchist concepts such as prefiguration, anti-capitalism and horizontalism that are foundational to anarchist organizing and cultural practices. However, DIY maintains a peripheral placement in anarchism because it is a fairly recent addition to the anarchist lexicon, as the brief history below elucidates. Nevertheless, a DIY ethos has been crucial to anarchism since its inception, arising as it did in the anarchist counter-publics of the nineteenth century (Cohn 2014).