Geography as an academic discipline has a long but quite straightforward relationship with military institutions and military phenomena. Anglophone human geography, from the 1960s onwards and in parallel with developments in other social sciences, two things happened which have had effects on military geography. Researching military geographies entails the use of the array of methodologies available across the social sciences and humanities. Processes of fieldwork undertaken for the purposes of military geographical research have affective, emotional effects. Military geographies from a critical perspective recognize the need to accept the necessity of engagement; the challenge is to account for such engagements in complex contexts of military power relations. In human geography, a critique of institutional involvement and relationships between militaries and universities, reflecting broader concerns about the military-university relationship over, for example, research funding or military-specific training. Landscape research in human geography is increasingly alert to the significance of the personal affective responses provoked by landscape encounters.