Race Discrimination is the first named category of prohibited discrimination in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and domestic legislation such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in the United States. Invidious racial discrimination and subordination have been “enduring, if not classical, problems of democratic theory” (Shiffrin 2004: 1655), and most societies have found it necessary to enact legal measures to prohibit practices of race discrimination (Shelby 2004: 1707). The wrongness of race discrimination serves as an anchor for moral reflection (Rawls 1999: 17–18), a moral datum that must be accommodated by any theoretical account.