“Cultures of learning” as a concept focusses on how students’ and teachers’ cultural beliefs and values about learning affect their educational behaviour and influence their expectations and interpretations of what goes on in classrooms. This chapter will provide an overview of research on how Chinese students construe the key concepts of “teachers”, “learners”, “journeys of learning” and “language”. Among the range of research methods applied in various studies, this chapter will particularly show the innovative use of a method to elicit metaphors for analysis to create a rich picture of Chinese cultures of learning.