This book presents some results of research which was conducted as part of the CORASON project, a cross-national study of on-going processes of rural sustainable development in 12 European countries which was funded under the EU Framework Six Research Programme over 30 months between 2004 and 2007. CORASON is an acronym for ‘Conditions for Rural Sustainable Development’ and its research started from the interpretations of the concepts of rural development and sustainable development used by rural actors, in policy programmes, and in public administration and planning. A series of case studies identified trends in rural and sustainable development that reveal the changing nature of development processes on the way towards a rural knowledge society.