Samuel P. Huntington’s famous essay on the ‘clash of civilizations’ (Huntington 1996) is inevitably called into question when it comes to discussing the thorny issue of the ‘conflict of cultures’. It might well be argued that ‘civilization’ and ‘culture’ are not equivalent terms, given that the former is used predominantly in historical and philosophical discussions, while the latter is more typical of sociological and anthropological research.3 This said, the matter in question is pretty clear:

1 A first version of this chapter appeared in Galli (2006). I would like to thank Salvatore Palidda for his critical comments.