Intersecting with gender, class and ethnicity, the main issue here is about the migrant's role in encountering the cultural values in a country. Gullestad has focused on Norwegian culture and how the characteristics of culture might be an important explanation as to why immigrants in Norway meet challenges in integrating, and against this background she has suggested a 'dialectical model of ethnicity'. The deeper anthropological investigation of the Norwegian culture carried out by Gullestad, following earlier studies of the Norwegian culture seems to point in another direction. On the surface of Norwegian culture there is openness and equality for all, but behind this there are boundaries. It is this specific dual Norwegian characteristic that Gullestad, as mentioned, has paid attention to with the help of her metaphor 'invisible fences'. In the narratives of the migrants to the UK the clash between different values became more evident than in the Norwegian case.