Understanding citizenship as a status and a set of practices, this chapter examines citizens’ beliefs and values in relation to local government policy for household sustainability. I first outline my analytical framework and then develop some explanatory propositions concerning citizenship in liberal democracies. I describe ‘stakeholder’ citizenship as emergent over recent decades and explain its relationship with policy for sustainable development. My key proposition is that official policy for achieving household sustainability is aimed at involving householders as stakeholder citizens. Such policy promotes individual self-responsibility and personal capacity building within a growth-oriented economy as the best way to achieve the sustainability goal.