Investigation and prevention of financial crime is not a new phenomenon. For example, Henning (2009) found that the general crime of falsity in Roman-Dutch law several centuries ago had a much greater ambit than the present-day fraud. He argues that had it survived, it would have been very valuable to combat current financial crime more effectively. The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands existed between 1581 and 1795 with laws explicitly punishing a variety of financial crime categories.