The Dayton Peace Agreement (DPA)1 that ended the three and a half year war in BosniaHerzegovina (BH) in 1995 included many provisions that made the document more ambitious than a simple peace treaty. In addition to ending the fighting among the warring parties and codifying territorial and governance issues, it served as a broad blueprint for the potential post-war reconstruction of an historically diverse, multicultural society. The Agreement outlines general norms and declarations concerning the state of BosniaHerzegovina, and includes a substantial set of 11 annexes that commit the country’s leaders (the formerly warring parties and subsequent post-war political authorities) and its neighbours Croatia and Serbia to a wide range of activities, including military stabilization, refugee return, compliance with European and international treaties and conventions, the organization of elections and human rights protection.