This chapter is about the changing perspectives of German travel culture in the age of Enlightenment. 1 I will highlight the transformation and adaptation that the classical, late-seventeenth-century Kavalierstour had to undergo to meet the intellectual settings of Enlightenment culture on the basis of one selected journey or rather travel account. 2 As to the actual purposes of going abroad, my analysis will reveal the seemingly opposing agendas of a growing need for professionalisation 3 or rather professional specialisation, on the one hand, and the demand for wide-ranging, encyclopaedic knowledge collecting, on the other. 4 Moreover, I will show how travellers who were heavily influenced by Pietism opened up new fields of investigation in long-familiar travel destinations.