This volume originated in a conference organised at the University of Birmingham in September 2010 by its Centre for First World War Studies, Department of German Studies and European Research Institute.1 By bringing together historians, literary scholars, political scientists and cultural studies experts to discuss the legacies and memories of war in twentieth-century Europe (1918-1945-1989), the organisers aimed to create conditions for a genuine and fruitful interdisciplinary conversation on the impact and legacies of twentiethcentury Europe’s three major conflicts.