ABSTRACT

This chapter examines the economic ideology of the National Front (NF), during the 1970s and 1980s. First, I discuss some important historic precursors that lay the groundwork for understanding fascist political economies in general. Following this, I examine two political economies advocated by the NF: during the 1970s, the party drew implicitly on the example of Nazi Germany, and argued for autarky; during the 1980s, the party advocated distributism, as a native rather than imported economic ideology. I argue that, even at their most radical, the NF couldn’t transcend a capitalist political economy. Their attempts to develop ‘third way’ solutions, in essence, simply recalibrate and rehabilitate capitalism in the service of ‘the nation’.