This chapter specifically focuses on the conceptual challenge of coherence and consistency in EU foreign policy. It analyses the legal, institutional and political improvements through the Lisbon Treaty. Conceptually, it offers a fivetier understanding of coherence that includes vertical, horizontal, inter-pillar, rhetorical, strategic and external engagement. The chapter then argues that a comprehensive understanding of coherence might also steer more prudent policies. In the current crisis, the inherent tensions of internal and external coherence in foreign policy are likely to last. Hence, the chapter asks whether the EU would generally be better served if it distanced itself from normative calls and retreated from idealistic symbols back to concrete effectiveness and pragmatic actions. Complete coherence might even be contrary to nature for foreign policy actors. Recognizing the inevitable might make the EU a more credible and effective global player.