This chapter offers a step toward rectifying this oversight, offering suggestions on what tribes might do rather than examples of what particular tribes are doing. It focuses on how Indian tribal governments can help to bring about the transition to the energy economy of the future, an economic order in which energy will be used efficiently and most of our needs will be met with renewable resources. Another objective of this chapter is to offer tribal leaders a source for talking points that they can draw upon in their contributions to the national dialogue on the climate crisis and energy policy. The chapter describes the range of actions that tribal governments can take through the exercise of tribal sovereignty and in delivering governmental services, tribal policy-makers must be aware of the ways in which federal and state policies shape the markets.