This chapter explores the definition of traditional work in Italian labour law encompasses paid employment performed on a full-time and on a permanent basis, which is still the most common form of work in the country. In 1997, the Italian Ministry of Labour and Social Policies carried out a survey on the relationship between temporary work, accident prevention and safety measures, pointing out that a number of risks were associated with factors such as isolation, communication and training issues, lack of organization and expertise. Today, by promoting cooperation between health and safety authorities and labour market actors, the aim is for the Biagi Law to combat joblessness, and to promote access to regular and quality employment, in accordance with the Community goals laid down in the Lisbon Strategy. The guidelines on risk assessment, which are normative in character, were issued by the Advisory Panel on Health and Safety at Work set up by the Italian Ministry of Labour.