China contains abundant relics of cultures of the Neolithic Age. According to incomplete statistics, over 6,000 to 7,000 Neolithic sites have been discovered in China. In the last thirty years, contemporary archaeology based on field excavation has given a new complexion to Chinese archaeology. The large-scale excavation, exposure, ordering, and study of the many typical relic sites and grave sites of the Neolithic era in many regions have greatly deepened our understanding of the cultural attributes of this period. Since the 1970s, the adoption of the Carbon 14 dating in the field of archaeology has provided a precise scientific basis for dating Neolithic objects from preliterate times. This has helped each region to establish reliable criteria for dating. 1