20 21Virtually all historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) offer unique benefits and strengths, particularly for Black students. Indeed, HBCUs accomplish much with little. These institutions also share several challenges. In fact, we argue in this chapter that HBCUs, collectively, are impaired or debilitated institutions. This condition, we contend, is not new, but as W.E.B. DuBois (1930) and others have argued, these institutions have been significantly challenged since their inception. Moreover, HBCUs, we posit, have both self-inflicted wounds and wounds that have been meted out from outside of the Black community. 1