In different phases of my career, I’ve been variously characterized as an activist, an advocate, and an expert witness. After being trained as an anthropological archaeologist during graduate work that led to a Master’s degree at the University of Arizona in the 1970s, my first professional employment was as an archaeologist for the Pueblo of Zuni in New Mexico. During the 6 years I worked for the tribe, most of which was spent as Tribal Archaeologist, I served as an advocate for the tribe in the field of historic preservation. I advised the Zuni Tribal Council on matters relating to archaeology and cultural resources management, and I was often asked to be a spokesman in public settings, articulating the tribe’s position on various matters. This was an exciting beginning to my career, and I was fortunate to work with tribal leaders who understood how archaeology and ethnography could be productively used as tools to attain tribal goals.