Beliefs about ability and how to achieve success can have stark consequences for a person’s aspirations, motivation, the learning strategies they adopt and the enjoyment and satisfaction they experience, both in the short term and long term (Dweck & Leggett, 1988; Dweck, 2017). Mindsets are also strongly related to resilience through their influence on adaptive responses and achievement behaviors (Yeager & Dweck, 2012). This chapter outlines how mindset beliefs may affect adaptive behaviors and resilience. Techniques and interventions to support the development of growth mindset and resilience are offered, and recommendations are presented for future research and practice.