In political economy, the social division of labor is a natural fact that pursues an objective in which society progressively moves toward an end-state, which is to increase comfort with a proportional reduction of effort. 1 This concept has been reified as a popular adage. As in capitalism all effort is labor, and labor is an imposition, a form of servitude, voluntary only in appearance, the notion that one day its result could be achieved with less violence is a great promise. However, when one observes the history of capitalism, it is not difficult to perceive that the history of labor and its social division is in fact the history of endless human degradation. 2 Hence, since its origin, the critique of political economy has focused on the critique of the social division of labor.