Half a century has passed since Paul Hardacre offered the first full-length survey of the fate of the royalists during the puritan revolution.1 Hardacre’s monograph cannot claim to have inaugurated the modern professional study of royalism – that honour must go to Sir Charles Firth, who discussed it in a paper published posthumously in 1937.2 Hardacre’s book can nevertheless claim to have offered the first thorough mapping of the territory. But it did not provide a complete map. Hardacre excluded from it two significant areas: the royalist exile, and the royalist contribution to intellectual history. The exile had already formed the subject of an earlier article, which had also presented a preliminary sketch of the exiles’ contribution to intellectual history, asserting their importance in bringing England into contact with European life and culture, and suggesting several areas for further investigation – Anglican clerics and Grand Tourists; the fields of literature, philosophy, and science.3