ABSTRACT

While the 1950s and 1960s can be labeled the Western Counterinsurgency Era, the 1980s are rapidly becoming the Marxist Counterinsurgency Era. During the earlier period, Western nations and their allies were beset with insurgencies throughout the world: Greece, Malaya, Kenya, Indochina, Colombia, Bolivia, and Algeria to name a few. Certainly, Marxist states faced unrest and some armed opposition, but in this earlier period, it was the West that was besieged by guerrillas. The situation is now different. Of the 13 current insurgencies where armed guerrilla organizations are in strengths of over 5000, about half are against Marxist regimes. Over three-quarters of the 324,000 armed insurgents of those organizations are at war with communist governments. 1 If the 1950s and 1960s were a period of rising expectations in the Third World, the 1980s could be called the era of unfulfilled expectations, because most of today’s guerrilla wars against the communists are in lands where Marxism has been recently installed.