“Design for environment” takes place when firms explicitly incorporate environmental issues in their product design and manufacturing decisions (Joseph Fiksel, 1996). To reduce waste associated with consumer products, for example, firms can reduce product weight, including the amount of packaging that comes with a product, and make products easier and less costly to recycle. The latter can be accomplished by changing the type of material used in a product, avoiding mixing of materials in a single product, coding and labeling when different materials are used, and designing for ease of disassembly (U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment, 1992; Fiksel, 1996).