In recent years only slow progress has been made in closing the gender pay gap, with the view being expressed by some observers that interventions that have such a large effect as the UK government’s introduction of equal pay legislation in the mid-1970s are more difficult. However, the pay gap has risen in public consciousness, attracting research and policy attention. So, while concluding that there is no ‘magic’ solution, given the complex, deep-rooted and intractable social, cultural and economic phenomena involved, there is an opportunity to engage in multiple actions over sustained periods of time involving all key stakeholders to produce sustainably effective change.