This research represents a cross-cultural field study of rehabilitation methodologies comparing a selected American trend with two contrasting trends in another country that is also experiencing substance abuse problems. Sweden was selected for the cross-cultural comparison for several reasons. First, there has been a marked increase in drug abuse in Sweden in the past ten years [1]. In addition, the highly socialized welfare system is actively promoting a variety of treatment plans for drug abusers, and since the country is geographically small, it is relatively easy to review treatment facilities. Finally, because of the governmentally subsidized welfare system, treatment programs are bureaucratically centralized providing access to information and visitation permission.