In 1997, a working group was put together by The Research Centre of The Queen's Foundation for Ecumenical Theological Education, in Birmingham, to study what was perceived to be a deepening breakdown in communication between the hierarchy of a number of Christian Churches and significant portions of the ordinary faithful. This project had as its goal to convert what was perceived by many to be a "confrontation" into a "conversation" in which both parties would make an effort clearly to express what they wished to say and to listen to what the other party was putting forward.