Culture has been described as the pattern of meanings embedded in symbolic forms, including actions, utterances and meaningful objects of various kinds, by virtue of which individuals communicate with one another and share their experiences, conceptions, and beliefs (Thompson 1990: 132). Many contemporary economists would see the market as the most efficient transmitter of communicating and sharing meanings, values and objects of all kinds between individual actors. The essays in this volume cover a wide range of geographical, political and institutional contexts in which the relationship between culture and economy is played out.